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水烟的危害是香烟的二三十倍

来源:http://www.sheemc.com 作者:永利平台 时间:2019-12-05 12:26

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图片 2水烟危机或比香烟更加大

World health experts warned Thursday that smoking water pipes, long popular in the Middle East and North Africa and with a growing fan base elsewhere, can be more harmful than cigarettes.

世界卫生行家新近告诫称, 在中东和北非盛行的水烟危机程度大概比香烟越来越大,环球其余地面也可以有更为多的水烟爱好者。

"A single puff from a water pipe is nearly equal to the volume of smoke inhaled from an entire cigarette," said The Tobacco Atlas launched at the World Conference on Tobacco OR Health in Abu Dhabi。

在温哥华的社会风气烟草或正规大会上推出的社会风气烟草画册展现;"从水烟管吸入一口的烟量差非常的少相当于吸入一整只香烟的量。”

And World Health Organization tobacco expert Edouard Tursan d'Espaignet said "one session of shisha (water pipe) can be equal to smoking 20 to 30 cigarettes in one go, which can be very dangerous."

世卫社团烟草行家爱德华·图尔桑·艾斯帕内特说“吸食贰遍什莎(水烟卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar)的量或者约等于一口气吸食20到三十三只香烟的量,那是很危急的。”

The water pipe, variously known as a hubbly-bubbly, hookah, shisha or nargileh, has become a major worry for anti-tobacco campaigners as its is popularised across university campuses, overlooked by regulators。

水烟的叫法五颜六色,如 hubbly-bubbly,hookah,shisha也许nargileh,而因为其在大学学校颇为盛行并被官员忽略,所以水烟已化作反烟运动者重要的焦心。

In recent years, its use has spread to the United States, Europe and, to a lesser extent,South America。

近些日子,水烟已流入美利哥、澳洲和南美的豆蔻梢头部分所在。

Gemma Vestal of the WHO's Tobacco Free Initiative told AFP that while shishas were previously the domain of older males, "younger people between 18- and 24-years old living in cities and educated" are increasingly smoking them。

世界卫生组织无烟呼吁行动的杰玛·维斯塔说,就算早先吸食水烟的群落是夕阳男子,不过越来越多岁数在18岁到二十四虚岁之间、住在城郭且受过教育的青少年都从头吸食水烟。

The chairman of pathology and laboratory medicine at the American University of Beirut, Ghazi Zaatari, says aromatic flavourings known as maasal added to the tobacco offer younger smokers a "smoother and more tolerated" alternative to the taste of traditional tobacco。

蒙得维的亚美利哥伦比亚大学学的病工学和实验室军事学主席加齐·扎泰里说,水烟中加上的后生可畏种叫做maasal的川白芷味道给年轻烟民提供了比守旧烟草“更流畅,更易选拔”的意味。

And the "water pipe has an interesting design because it somewhat engages your five senses. You're holding the hose, there’s something you're looking at, there is the aroma, there is the sound of the bubbling and there is this kind of sensational thing with the social gathering."

再者水烟的兼备很风趣,因为它从某种程度上还要调度吸烟者的五官心得。你拿着烟管,你看着它,它有异香,它有冒泡的声响,别的,在张罗集会中吸水烟是风度翩翩件多么玄妙的事。

In social gatherings that last for an average of an hour, the smoker can quickly get "hooked on it because of the nicotine."

在相连平均豆蔻梢头钟头的张罗集会中,水烟吸食者会火速对它上瘾,因为它满含尼古丁。

Moreover, the smoke from charcoal used to heat the tobacco contains toxins。

其余,用于加热烟草木炭释放的云烟也含有害素。

The WHO said harmful effects include impact on the "respiratory system, cardiovascular system, oral activity and teeth."

世卫协会称,它会对人的常规产生风险,蕴涵损坏呼吸道,心血管系统,口腔活动和牙齿等。

In addition to the dangers of lung cancer, data also suggest probable associations with oral, oesophageal, gastric, and urinary bladder cancer, as well as chronic bronchitis, cardiovascular disease, stroke as well as other illnesses。

除外肺结核的危殆,数据还评释吸食水烟的损害大概与口腔癌、食管癌、胃癌和膀胱癌,以致慢支、心血管疾病、高颅压性脑积水,甚至其余病症相关联。

Global tobacco companies are increasingly investing in the water pipe business, experts say, while little has been done to curb their use, despite a crackdown on cigarettes。

我们代表,整个世界的烟草公司正越来越多地投资于水烟行业,不过除此而外打击烟草行业以外,对于水烟的开支未有其他节制措施。

According to The Tobacco Atlas, "water pipes fall into a less heavily or un-regulated group of tobacco products" in most countries。

依据烟草图册介绍,水烟在超越八分之四国度是不受严重幽禁或不幽禁的烟草成品。

"There has been a gap for a while and now hopefully, with this global effort, they (tobacco regulators) are coming back to emphasise the importance of including the water pipe in all these policies and regulations on tobacco," Zaatari said。

“那几个缺口已经存在风度翩翩段时间了,希望由在那之中外的不竭,他们(烟草幽禁者卡塔尔国能够强调将水烟放入全数烟草政策和法则禁锢的显要,”扎泰里说。

Brazil has taken measures to ban flavourings, while Turkey has extended warning labelling from cigarette packets to include the water pipe。

足球王国现已选用措施制止在水烟中步向香料,同期土耳其共和国已将从前有关香烟烟盒上必得有警报标识的规定推行范围扩充至水烟领域。

And the ruler of the UAE emirate of Sharjah has banned the use of water pipes altogether, earning him an award this week from the WHO。

阿拉伯联合酋长国的沙迦酋长国主公已命令透顶取缔吸食水烟,世卫组织据此给她颁了三个奖。

Vocabulary

pathology:病理学

hose:软管

aroma:香味

oesophageal cancer:食道癌

urinary bladder cancer:膀胱癌

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